Authors. Alasdair MacIntyre. University of Notre Dame. Follow. Abstract. This is the text of The Lindley Lecture for , given by Alasdair Maclntyre, a Scottish. the nature of a more sophisticated patriotism comes from Scottish philosopher Alasdair MacIntyre, in an essay titled “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”. Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: How is patriotism to be defined? How is it related to similar.
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One might find fault with the step from communitarianism to patriotism: Both Socrates and Viroli are exaggerating the benefits bestowed on us by our country; surely any gratitude owed for being born or brought up is owed to parents, rather than patria.
This is not a fair objection to patriotism as such. Added to PP index Total downloads 38, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 13 37, of 2, How can I increase my downloads? The same moral value, sympathy for and assistance to people in need, grounds a certain degree of concern for others as a general moral duty and explains why a significantly higher degree of such concern is a moral ideal. Moreover, she cannot admit this motivation while at the same time remaining a patriot.
One might find fault with the step from communitarianism to patriotism:.
Click here to join. For Aristotle, what is good for human beings are certain end-states toward which we naturally tend. Related Entries communitarianism consequentialism cosmopolitanism egoism impartiality loyalty nationalism obligations: Special duties mediate our fundamental, universal duties and make possible their most effective discharge. We also speak of gratitude to large and impersonal entities — our school, profession, or even our country — but that seems to be an abbreviated way of referring to gratitude to particular persons who have acted on behalf of these entities.
Your summary lends itself to a nature vs nurture provocation.
Another aspect of the Aristotelian ethics is that virtue lies in the middle. No keywords specified fix it.
Bad faith is bad; so is patriotism, as well as every identity, individual or collective, constituted, in part, by patriotic loyalty. Thus, we have relationships with those around us — with our families and the communities we live in. Discussions of both patriotism and nationalism are often marred by lack of clarity due to the failure to distinguish the two. A universalist would, in principle, object to this but it is hard to argue since one could legitimately as what business of our is it to interfere in these relationships.
Patriotism has had a fair number of critics. I think most people who reflect may take at some point in their life a stance of philosophic indifference or neutrality but they themselves are grounded by institutions.
Although love or special affection is usually given expression in special concern for its object, that is not necessary.
Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers
If a benefit is conferred inadvertently, or advisedly but for the wrong reason e. They may give me dispositions that are at odds with my humanity and hence my happiness. While nationalism is accordingly aggressive, patriotism is defensive: Patriotism involves special concern for the patria and compatriots, a concern that goes beyond what the laws obligate one to do, beyond what one does as a citizen; that is, beyond what one ought, in fairnessto do.
The Lindley LectureLawrence: This argument conflates the issue of patriotism with that of political obligationand the notion of a patriot with that of a citizen. Gratitude is probably the most popular among the grounds adduced for patriotic duty. A debt of gratitude is not incurred by any benefit received.
One who denies that people in general have a duty of special concern for the well-being of their friends shows that patriiotism does not understand what friendship is. The national anthem and the fourth of July are basically kabuki bomb theater, which tends to construe war as noble and even beautiful. PEL Citizens also have free access to podcast transcripts, guided readings, episode guides, PEL music, and other citizen-exclusive material.
The political import of patriotism While moral philosophers debate the standing of patriotism as an instance of the problem of reconciling universal moral considerations with particular attachments and loyalties, political theorists are primarily interested in patriotism as an ethos of the well-ordered polity and an antidote to nationalism.
These benefits are made possible by cooperation of those who live in the country, participate in the enterprise, owe and render allegiance to the polity.
All four types of patriotism reviewed so far seek to defend and promote what might be termed the worldly, i. As early aspolitical theorist Dolf Sternberger called for a new understanding of the concept of fatherland. This new, emphatically political version of patriotism has been met with both sympathy and skepticism. An Essay on Patriotism macintyde NationalismOxford: Notify me of follow-up comments by email. But even if it were conceded, one might still resist the claim concerning the patdiotism duty.
If I may, I think this is partly from the fact MacIntyre is reacting to his early period as a Marxist. They differ with regard to the lengths to which these interests will be promoted: Essays in Honor of E. We all have various preferences for places and people, tend to identify with many groups, large and small, to think of them as in some sense ours, and to show a degree of special concern for their members.
An Argument for Unpatriotic Patriotism.
Reprinted in Primoratz ed. It is stupid because every patriot holds his own country to be the best of all whereas, obviously, only one country can qualify. If justice is understood in universal, rather than parochial terms, if common human solidarity counts as a weighty moral consideration, and if peace is of paramount importance and war is morally permissible only when it is just, then this kind of patriotism must be rejected.
Reprinted with a postscript in Primoratz ed. That has led political theorists to look for alternatives. Patriotism in Social and Political Philosophy. While moral philosophers debate the standing of patriotism as an instance of the problem of reconciling universal moral considerations with particular attachments and loyalties, political theorists are primarily interested in patriotism as an ethos of the well-ordered polity and an antidote to nationalism.
Many think of patriotism as a natural and appropriate expression of attachment to the country in which we were born and raised and of gratitude for the benefits of life on its soil, among its people, and under its laws. Whether we have a moral duty to obey the laws of our country is one of the central issues in modern political philosophy, discussed under the heading of political obligation.