Jean François Niceron () was a catholic friar^, mathematician, and an artist with a passion for investigating perspective. He was a. La Perspective Curieuse Du Reverend P. Niceron Minime: Divise’e En Quatre Livres () (French Edition) by Jean Francois Niceron and Marin Mersenne . NICERON, JEAN-FRANçOIS(b. Paris, France, d. Aix-en-Provence, France, 22 September )geometrical optics. Source for information on Niceron.

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The second book addresses the problem of establishing perspective for paintings executed on curved or irregular surfaces, like vaults and niches, and presents the general technique of anamorphosis. Inat the age of nineteen, he joined the Order of Minims. Ignazio in Rome, painted by Andrea Pozzo, represented the pinnacle of illusion. Short VCU staff member page. The second Book addresses the problem of establishing perspective for paintings executed on curved or irregular surfaces, like vaults and niches, presents a general technique of anamorphosis.

Book three discusses and fully explains the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors. It concentrates primarily on the practical applications of perspective, catoptrics and dioptrics.

Book III discusses the anamorphosis of figures that are viewed by reflection from plane, cylindrical, and conical mirrors. His Perspective curieuse defines the range and nature of the problems he addressed; later editions of the work simply provide more detail.

This page was last edited on 2 Octoberat La perspective curieusea richly illustrated manual on perspective, revealed for the first time the secrets of anamorphosis and trompe l’oeil.

The dome and vault of the Church of St. Although aware of the latest theoretical developments, Nicsron concentrated primarily on jezn practical applications of perspective, catoptrics, and dioptrics, and on the illusory effects of optics then traditionally associated with natural magic.

Dioptrics is a niceeron of optics dealing with the refraction of light, especially by lenses Anamorphosis is a distorted projection of an image which only becomes clear when the observer’s point of view changes or it is viewed as a reflection produced by a specific curved mirror surface The 17th century book illustrations below instruct artists about the basic geometrical properties involved in producing artworks with some types of projected and distorted perspectives and optical illusions.

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From to he collaborated with a group of scientists in Rome including Magiotti, Baliani, Kircher, Ricci, and Maignan in conducting experiments suggested by the work of Galileo.

BibliOdyssey: Curious Perspectives

So I’m happy enough to copy a couple of chunks from the Wikipedia articles because they’re franocis bad as light subject overviews. Who’s Who of Victorian Cinema. Newer Post Older Post Home.

The and editions are both available online. His painting The Ambassadors is the most famous example for anamorphosis, in which a distorted shape lies diagonally across the bottom of the frame. He studied under Mersenne at the College de Nevers in Paris and then entered the Order of Minims, where he took his second name to distinguish him from a paternal uncle, also named Jean.

The Artificial Magic in Optical Distortions. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It’s comforting to see that some of my own fumbling experiments in the field of calculated perspective weren’t entirely a waste of time.

Book II, which is addressed to the problem of establishing perspective for paintings executed on curved or irregular surfaces for example, vaults and nichespresents a general technique of anamorphosis; that is, the determination of the surface distortions necessary to bring a picture into perspective when viewed from a given point. Retrieved 30 April Due to complaints of blocked light by neighbouring monks, Pozzo was commissioned to paint the ceiling to look like the inside of a dome, instead of actually constructing one.

Here Niceron shows, for example, how to construct on the interior surface of a cone a distorted image that, when viewed from the end through the base, appears in proper proportion. Post a Comment Comments are all moderated so don’t waste your time spamming: He was acquainted with the leading scientists in France and Italy, such as FermatDescartesCavalieriand Kircherand was aware of the latest theoretical developments.

While in Italy in —, Niceron measured the declination of the magnetic compass in Ligurno, Rome, and Florence. He was a native of Paris but travelled widely in Europe and was awarded a professorship in Rome.


Plane anamorphosis by Jean Francois Niceron, 1638.

A later expanded treatise ensured Niceron’s place in history. Dynamic Geometry Software by Adrian Oldknow. In jan and in 19th century, anamorphic images had come to be used more as children’s games than fine art. Niceron was also an artist, with a particular interest in the use of anamorphosis in religious art.

Although clearly a capable mathematician, Niceron was interested more in practice than in theory.

The added work on optics by Mersenne contained the author’s final contributions to optics, including experimental studies of visual acuity and binocular vision and a critical discussion of contemporary hypotheses on the nature of light. He attempted to apply this theoretical knowledge to the anamorphic paintings and murals that he was producing and he published his first book on the subject when he was 25 years old ‘Thaumaturgus Opticus’. During the 17th century, Baroque trompe l’oeil murals often used this technique to combine actual architectural elements with an illusion.

Posted by peacay at 7: When standing in front of the art work in a specific spot, the architecture blends with the decorative painting. Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia.

Print this article Print all entries for this topic Cite this article. As a number of scientific societies formed in the early s, Niceron became a member of the Circle of Inceron, which was named after his mentorFather Marin Mersenne. These relationships with the academic world helped him stay up to date with intellectual advancements.

Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne in French. Ars Magna Lucis et Umbrae:: There is a LOT to be frsncois in the back pages of BibliOdyssey, particularly among the links at the ends of site entries like here! In the 20th century some artists wanted to renew the technique of anamorphosis.