The bitter struggle that rolled back and forth across the North African desert was the first major Allied victory of the Second World War. ODAL!Music: ODAL!Video: channel/rfyxEnAH7Uy. North Africa campaigns, (–43), in World War II, series of battles for but significant events that bound the Axis Powers and culminated in a world war.

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In addition the ” Chiffrierabteilung ” German military cipher force were soon able to break the code. By that point in the war, he had become frustrated and dispirited, the cumulative effect of the long seesaw campaign. The battle plan was to advance along the coastal road, while limited armoured forces operated on the desert flank. The relatively unknown Lt. Faced with critically low fuel reserves and subjected to almost continuous air attacks, on September 2 Rommel broke off the offensive and made a gradual withdrawal.

Prelude Africa Asia Europe. Thank You for Your Contribution! Part of the reason the initial German attacks in March were so successful was that Ultra intercepts had informed Wavell that OKW had clearly directed Rommel not to take any offensive action, but to wait zxis he was further reinforced with the 15th Panzer Division in May. The loss of food supplies was an important factor in the spread of sickness among the troops; Rommel himself fell ill, forcex in September he was sent back to Europe to recover.

On June 30,Rommel was barely 60 miles km from Cairo, and the keys to Egypt seemed within his grasp.

The strike force, under Maj. Operation Crusader resulted in a clear victory for the British, but one they were unable to exploit due to a lack of reinforcements.

North African Campaign

In order to avoid encirclement in the Benghazi bulge, Rommel retreated back across Cyrenaica, reaching El Agheila on January 6, Archibald Wavellwho had been appointed to the newly created post of commander in chief for the Middle East in Julywhen the first steps were taken to strengthen the forces guarding the Suez Canal.


On August 31,Rommel launched what he believed would be the final attack in the Axis drive to the Nile. Following the failure of Operation BattleaxeArchibald Wavell was relieved of command and replaced by Claude Auchinleck.

The Iin Navy, waiting in strength offshore, made sure that few Germans or Italians escaped to Sicily. More striking still was a comparison of actual tank strength: The various Free French factions were finally united and organized under the Allied command.

The British infantry assault at el-Alamein was launched at He now was ready to return to the offensive. The Battle of El Alamein began on October 23 with a massive artillery barrage fired by British guns. Having passed by night through a gap in….

Auchinleck ordered the nlrth of the offensive, and Cunningham was fofces by Gen. In a coordinated series of landings, the Western Task Force, under Maj. II Corps on the other, the Axis forces withdrew to Enfidaville. In addition, the 7th Armoured Division was withdrawn to the Nile delta.

Operation Torch started on 8 Novemberand finished on 11 November. After several days of slow advances, he reached Thala on February 21 but could advance no farther. On the tactical and operational levels, several factors conspired against the Axis despite the battlefield brilliance of Rommel and the superb fighting of the Afrika Korps. On the night of November 17,a small commando force, led by year-old Africca.

The British response was piecemeal, but Rommel could not complete a drive to the sea that would have enveloped the British on the Gazala line. After a see-saw battle, the 70th Division garrisoning Tobruk was relieved and the Axis forces nortj forced to fall back. In the end, the Allies triumphed with sheer mass. Rommel had only German tanks of which 20 were under repair, and 30 were light Panzer IIsand Italian tanks all of obsolete types.


Despite heavy air attacks, the Tiger convoy arrived on May 12 after losing only one transport that carried 57 tanks. The following fprces, he ordered his striking force to take up a defensive position. The Allies pushed forward and recaptured Kasserine Pass on February Froces Suez Canal afeica provided Britain with a valuable link to her overseas dominions—part of a lifeline that ran through the Mediterranean Sea.

O’Hara and Enrico Cernuschi,p. The British became increasingly obsessed with eliminating Rommel. Der Feldzug in Afrika — deutsches-afrikakorps. In —42 the German Afrika Korps in Libya was supplied across the Mediterranean through the small port….

North Africa campaigns

From the moment the Allies landed, the campaign in Northwest Africa and axxis race for Tunis was a logistical battle. The Axis forces finally had a unified command structure in Tunisia, but Rommel probably was not the best choice.

The Germans won the initial race for Tunis because they had shorter supply lines, and their aircraft, operating from closer bases, had greater time over the contested area. The responsibility for this assessment are the Enigma reports, which can be seen from Wavell that Rommel only has a mandate to stabilize the Sirte front, and that his most important unit, the forcew Panzer Division, has not yet arrived in Africa.

World War II: North Africa Campaign | HistoryNet

Wikimedia Commons has media related to North African campaign. Rommel probed Axiss Agheila on March Following the Operation Torch landings, from early Novemberthe Germans and Italians initiated a buildup of troops in Tunisia to fill the vacuum left by Vichy troops which had withdrawn.

Consequently, the landings met no practical opposition in Algiers, and the city was captured on the first day along with the entire Vichy African command.